Types of Chinese tea: an overview

September 02, 2010 | Posted by Sarah

Tea is the traditional drink of choice in China, with thousands of years of tea culture and history.

China has a long history of growing and drinking tea. Chinese people drink tea during many parts of the day, such as during meals for good health or for simple pleasure. Chinese tea may be classified into five categories according to the different methods by which it is processed.

5 Categories of Tea

  1. Green tea: Green tea is the variety which keeps the original colour of the tea leaves without fermentation during processing. This category consists mainly of Longjing tea of Zhejiang Province, Maofeng of Huangshan Mountain in Anhui Province and Biluochun produced in Jiangsu.
  2. Black tea: Black tea, known as "red tea" (hong cha) in China, is the category which is fermented before baking; it is a later variety developed on the basis of the green tea. The best brands of black tea are Qihong of Anhui, Dianhong of Yunnan, Suhong of Jiangsu, Chuanhong of Sichuan and Huhong of Hunan.
  3. Wulong tea: This represents a variety half way between the green and the black teas, being made after partial fermentation. It is a specialty from the provinces on China's southeast coast: Fujian, Guangdong and Taiwan.
  4. Compressed tea: This is the kind of tea which is compressed and hardened into a certain shape. It is good for transport and storage and is mainly supplied to the ethnic minorities living in the border areas of the country. As compressed tea is black in color in its commercial form, so it is also known in China as "black tea." Most of the compressed tea is in the form of bricks; it is, therefore, generally called "brick tea," though it is sometimes also in the form of cakes and bowls. It is mainly produced in Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan and Yunnan provinces.
  5. Scented tea: This kind of tea is made by mixing fragrant flowers in the tea leaves in the course of processing. The flowers commonly used for this purpose are jasmine and magnolia among others. Jasmine tea is a well-known favourite with the northerners of China and with a growing number of foreigners.

About Long Jing tea (Dragon Well Tea)

Long Jing tea is a famous type of Chinese tea. It is manufactured in the West Lake district in Hangzhou city, China.

Long Jing tea is famous for its unique fragrance and flavor. Futhermore, it is good for one’s health regardless of the age. It is reported to deter food poisoning, control high blood pressure and lower the blood sugar level and prevent cancer. Therefore folks that know little about Chinese tea may already be familiar with Long Jing tea.

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